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This Curl cheat sheet contains commands and examples of some common Curl tricks.

#Getting Started


Curl is a tool for transferring data between servers, supporting protocols, including:

  • HTTP
  • FTP
  • IMAP
  • LDAP
  • POP3
  • SCP
  • SFTP
  • SMB
  • SMTP
  • etc...


-o <file>    # --output: write to file
-u user:pass # --user: authentication

-v   # --verbose: Make curl verbose during operation
-vv  # more verbose
-s   # --silent: don't show progress meter or errors
-S   # --show-error: When used with --silent (-sS), show errors but no progress meter

-i  # --include: include HTTP headers in the output
-I  # --head: header only


-X POST # --request
-L # If the page redirects, follow the link
-F # --form: HTTP POST data for multipart/form-data


# --data: HTTP post data
# URL encoding (eg, status="Hello")
-d 'data'

# --data pass file
-d @file

# --get: send -d data via get

#Header information Headers

-A <str>      # --user-agent

-b name=val   # --cookie

-b FILE       # --cookie
-H "X-Foo: y" # --header

--compressed  # use deflate/gzip


    --cacert <file>
    --capath <dir>
-E, --cert <cert> # --cert: client certificate file
    --cert-type # der/pem/eng
-k, --insecure # For self-signed certificates


apk add --update curl # install in alpine linux



command description
curl -I https://quickref.me curl sends a request
curl -v -I https://quickref.me curl request with details
curl -X GET https://quickref.me use explicit http method for curl
curl --noproxy http://www.stackoverflow.com curl without http proxy
curl --connect-timeout 10 -I -k https://quickref.me curl has no timeout by default
curl --verbose --header "Host: www.mytest.com:8182" quickref.me curl get extra header
curl -k -v https://www.google.com curl get response with headers

#Multiple file upload

$ curl -v --include \
--form key1=value1 \
    --form [email protected] URL

#Prettify json output for curl response

$ curl -XGET http://${elasticsearch_ip}:9200/_cluster/nodes | python -m json.tool


command description
curl -d "name=username&password=123456" <URL> curl send request
curl <URL> -H "content-type: application/json" -d "{ \"woof\": \"bark\"}" curl sends json

#CURL script install rvm

curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash

#CURL Advanced

command description
curl -L -s http://ipecho.net/plain, curl -L -s http://whatismijnip.nl get my public IP
curl -u $username:$password http://repo.dennyzhang.com/README.txt curl with credentials
curl -v -F key1=value1 -F [email protected] <URL> curl upload
curl -k -v --http2 https://www.google.com/ use http2 curl
curl -T cryptopp552.zip -u test:test curl ftp upload
curl -u test:test -o cryptopp552.zip curl ftp download
curl -v -u admin:admin123 --upload-file package1.zip http://mysever:8081/dir/package1.zip upload with credentials curl

#Check website response time

curl -s -w \
'\nLookup time:\t%{time_namelookup}\nConnect time:\t%{time_connect}\nAppCon time:\t%{time_appconnect}\nRedirect time:\t%{time_redirect}\nPreXfer time:\t%{time_pretransfer }\nStartXfer time:\t%{time_starttransfer}\n\nTotal time:\t%{time_total}\n' \
     -o /dev/null https://www.google.com

#Use Curl to check if a remote resource is available

curl -o /dev/null --silent -Iw "%{http_code}" https://example.com/my.remote.tarball.gz

#Downloading file

curl https://example.com | \
grep --only-matching 'src="[^"]*.[png]"' | \
cut -d \" -f2 | \
while read i; do curl https://example.com/"${i}" \
-o "${i##*/}"; done

Download all PNG files from the site (using GNU grep)

#Download the file, save the file without changing its name

curl --remote-name "https://example.com/linux-distro.iso"

rename file

curl --remote-name "http://example.com/index.html" --output foo.html

#continue partial download

curl --remote-name --continue-at -"https://example.com/linux-distro.iso"

#Download files from multiple domains

curl "https://www.{example,w3,iana}.org/index.html" --output "file_#1.html"

#Download a series of files

curl "https://{foo,bar}.com/file_[1-4].webp" --output "#1_#2.webp"

Download a series of files (output foo_file1.webp, foo_file2.webp...bar_file1_webp, etc.)

#Redirect output to file

$ curl http://url/file > file

#Basic Authentication

$ curl --user username:password http://example.com/
$ curl -u username:password http://example.com/

#Write to file instead of stdout

$ curl -o file http://url/file
$ curl --output file http://url/file

#Download header information

$ curl -I url
# display header information

#Write output to a file named remote_file

$ curl -o file http://url/file
$ curl --output file http://url/file

#Execute remote script

$ curl -s http://url/myscript.sh

#Configuration file

curl -K file
# read configuration from file
curl --config file
$HOME/.curlrc # default configuration file on UNIX-like systems