Redis

This is a redis quick reference cheat sheet that lists examples of redis commands

#Getting started

#Getting started

Start Redis

$ redis-server

Connect to redis (Redis CLI client)

$ redis-cli

Connect to redis (telnet)

$ telnet 127.0.0.1 6379

#Hello World

#Ping

redis> PING
PONG

#Hello World

redis> SET mykey "Hello world"
OK
redis> GET mykey
"Hello world"

#Basic Data types

Redis supports 5 basic data types

#Redis String command

#APPEND

APPEND key value

#Example

redis> EXISTS mykey
(integer) 0
redis> APPEND mykey "Hello"
(integer) 5
redis> APPEND mykey " World"
(integer) 11
redis> GET mykey
"Hello World"

Append a value to a key

#BITCOUNT

BITCOUNT key [start end]

#Example

redis> SET mykey "foobar"
"OK"
redis> BITCOUNT mykey
(integer) 26
redis> BITCOUNT mykey 0 0
(integer) 4
redis> BITCOUNT mykey 1 1
(integer) 6

Count set bits in a string

#BITFIELD

BITFIELD key [GET type offset] [SET type offset value] [INCRBY type offset increment] [OVERFLOW WRAP|SAT|FAIL]

#Example

redis> BITFIELD mykey INCRBY i5 100 1 GET u4 0
1) (integer) 1
2) (integer) 0

Perform arbitrary bitfield integer operations on strings

#BITOP

BITOP operation destkey key [key ...]

#Example

redis> SET key1 "foobar"
"OK"
redis> SET key2 "abcdef"
"OK"
redis> BITOP AND dest key1 key2
(integer) 6
redis> GET dest
"`bc`ab"

Perform bitwise operations between strings

#BITPOS

BITPOS key bit [start] [end]

#Example

redis> SET mykey "\xff\xf0\x00"
"OK"
redis> BITPOS mykey 0
(integer) 12
redis> SET mykey "\x00\xff\xf0"
"OK"
redis> BITPOS mykey 1 0
(integer) 8
redis> BITPOS mykey 1 2
(integer) 16
redis> set mykey "\x00\x00\x00"
"OK"
redis> BITPOS mykey 1
(integer) -1

Find first bit set or clear in a string

#DECR

DECR key

#Example

redis> SET mykey "10"
"OK"
redis> DECR mykey
(integer) 9
redis> SET mykey "234293482390480948029348230948"
"OK"
redis> DECR mykey
ERR ERR value is not an integer or out of range

Decrement the integer value of a key by one

#DECRBY

DECRBY key decrement

#Example

redis> SET mykey "10"
"OK"
redis> DECRBY mykey 3
(integer) 7

Decrement the integer value of a key by the given number

#GET

GET key

#Example

redis> GET nonexisting
(nil)
redis> SET mykey "Hello"
"OK"
redis> GET mykey
"Hello"

Get the value of a key

#GETBIT

GETBIT key offset

#Example

redis> SETBIT mykey 7 1
(integer) 0
redis> GETBIT mykey 0
(integer) 0
redis> GETBIT mykey 7
(integer) 1
redis> GETBIT mykey 100
(integer) 0

Returns the bit value at offset in the string value stored at key

#GETRANGE

GETRANGE key start end

#Example

redis> SET mykey "This is a string"
"OK"
redis> GETRANGE mykey 0 3
"This"
redis> GETRANGE mykey -3 -1
"ing"
redis> GETRANGE mykey 0 -1
"This is a string"
redis> GETRANGE mykey 10 100
"string"

Get a substring of the string stored at a key

#GETSET

GETSET key value

#Example

redis> INCR mycounter
(integer) 1
redis> GETSET mycounter "0"
"1"
redis> GET mycounter
"0"

Set the string value of a key and return its old value

#INCR

INCR key

#Example

redis> SET mykey "10"
"OK"
redis> INCR mykey
(integer) 11
redis> GET mykey
"11"

Increment the integer value of a key by one

#MSETNX

MSETNX key value [key value ...]

#Example

redis> MSETNX key1 "Hello" key2 "there"
(integer) 1
redis> MSETNX key2 "new" key3 "world"
(integer) 0
redis> MGET key1 key2 key3
1) "Hello"
2) "there"
3) (nil)

Set multiple keys to multiple values, only if none of the keys exist

#INCRBYFLOAT

INCRBYFLOAT key increment

#Example

redis> SET mykey 10.50
"OK"
redis> INCRBYFLOAT mykey 0.1
"10.6"
redis> INCRBYFLOAT mykey -5
"5.6"
redis> SET mykey 5.0e3
"OK"
redis> INCRBYFLOAT mykey 2.0e2
"5200"

Increment the float value of a key by the given amount

#MGET

MGET key [key ...]

#Example

redis> SET key1 "Hello"
"OK"
redis> SET key2 "World"
"OK"
redis> MGET key1 key2 nonexisting
1) "Hello"
2) "World"
3) (nil)

Get the values of all the given keys

#MSET

MSET key value [key value ...]

#Example

redis> MSET key1 "Hello" key2 "World"
"OK"
redis> GET key1
"Hello"
redis> GET key2
"World"

Set multiple keys to multiple values

#INCRBY

INCRBY key increment

#Example

redis> SET mykey "10"
"OK"
redis> INCRBY mykey 5
(integer) 15

Increment the integer value of a key by the given amount

#PSETEX

PSETEX key milliseconds value

#Example

redis> PSETEX mykey 1000 "Hello"
"OK"
redis> PTTL mykey
(integer) 1000
redis> GET mykey
"Hello"

Set the value and expiration in milliseconds of a key

#SET

SET key value [EX seconds|PX milliseconds|KEEPTTL] [NX|XX] [GET]

#Example

redis> SET mykey "Hello"
"OK"
redis> GET mykey
"Hello"
redis> SET anotherkey "will expire in a minute" EX 60
"OK"

Set the string value of a key

#SETBIT

SETBIT key offset value

#Example

redis> SETBIT mykey 7 1
(integer) 0
redis> SETBIT mykey 7 0
(integer) 1
redis> GET mykey
"\u0000"

Sets or clears the bit at offset in the string value stored at key

#SETEX

SETEX key seconds value

#Example

redis> SETEX mykey 10 "Hello"
"OK"
redis> TTL mykey
(integer) 10
redis> GET mykey
"Hello"

Set the value and expiration of a key

#SETNX

SETNX key value

#Example

redis> SETNX mykey "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> SETNX mykey "World"
(integer) 0
redis> GET mykey
"Hello"

Set the value of a key, only if the key does not exist

#SETRANGE

SETRANGE key offset value

#Example

redis> SET key1 "Hello World"
"OK"
redis> SETRANGE key1 6 "Redis"
(integer) 11
redis> GET key1
"Hello Redis"

Overwrite part of a string at key starting at the specified offset

#STRLEN

STRLEN key

#Example

redis> SET mykey "Hello world"
"OK"
redis> STRLEN mykey
(integer) 11
redis> STRLEN nonexisting
(integer) 0

Get the length of the value stored in a key

#STRALGO

STRALGO LCS algo-specific-argument [algo-specific-argument ...]

#Example

redis> STRALGO LCS KEYS key1 key2 IDX
1) "matches"
2) 1) 1) 1) (integer) 4
         2) (integer) 7
      2) 1) (integer) 5
         2) (integer) 8
   2) 1) 1) (integer) 2
         2) (integer) 3
      2) 1) (integer) 0
         2) (integer) 1
3) "len"
4) (integer) 6

Run algorithms (currently LCS) against strings

#Redis Set command

#SADD

SADD key member [member ...]

#Example

redis> SADD myset "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD myset "World"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD myset "World"
(integer) 0
redis> SMEMBERS myset
1) "Hello"
2) "World"

Add one or more members to a set

#SCARD

SCARD key

#Example

redis> SADD myset "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD myset "World"
(integer) 1
redis> SCARD myset
(integer) 2

Get the number of members in a set

#SDIFF

SDIFF key [key ...]

#Example

redis> SADD key1 "a"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key1 "b"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key1 "c"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "c"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "d"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "e"
(integer) 1
redis> SDIFF key1 key2
1) "a"
2) "b"

Subtract multiple sets

#SDIFFSTORE

SDIFFSTORE destination key [key ...]

#Example

redis> SADD key1 "a"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key1 "b"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key1 "c"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "c"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "d"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "e"
(integer) 1
redis> SDIFFSTORE key key1 key2
(integer) 2
redis> SMEMBERS key
1) "a"
2) "b"

Subtract multiple sets and store the resulting set in a key

#SINTER

SINTER key [key ...]

#Example

redis> SADD key1 "a"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key1 "b"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key1 "c"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "c"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "d"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "e"
(integer) 1
redis> SINTER key1 key2
1) "c"

Intersect multiple sets

#SINTERSTORE

SINTERSTORE destination key [key ...]

#Example

redis> SADD key1 "a"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key1 "b"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key1 "c"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "c"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "d"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "e"
(integer) 1
redis> SINTERSTORE key key1 key2
(integer) 1
redis> SMEMBERS key
1) "c"

Intersect multiple sets and store the resulting set in a key

#SISMEMBER

SISMEMBER key member

#Example

redis> SADD myset "one"
(integer) 1
redis> SISMEMBER myset "one"
(integer) 1
redis> SISMEMBER myset "two"
(integer) 0

Determine if a given value is a member of a set

#SMISMEMBER

SMISMEMBER key member [member ...]

#Example

redis> SADD myset "one"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD myset "one"
(integer) 0
redis> SMISMEMBER myset "one" "notamember"
1) (integer) 1
2) (integer) 0

Returns the membership associated with the given elements for a set

#SMEMBERS

SMEMBERS key

#Example

redis> SADD myset "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD myset "World"
(integer) 1
redis> SMEMBERS myset
1) "Hello"
2) "World"

Get all the members in a set

#SMOVE

SMOVE source destination member

#Example

redis> SADD myset "one"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD myset "two"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD myotherset "three"
(integer) 1
redis> SMOVE myset myotherset "two"
(integer) 1
redis> SMEMBERS myset
1) "one"
redis> SMEMBERS myotherset
1) "two"
2) "three"

Move a member from one set to another

#SPOP

SPOP key [count]

#Example

redis> SADD myset "one"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD myset "two"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD myset "three"
(integer) 1
redis> SPOP myset
"two"
redis> SMEMBERS myset
1) "one"
2) "three"
redis> SADD myset "four"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD myset "five"
(integer) 1
redis> SPOP myset 3
1) "four"
2) "five"
3) "three"
redis> SMEMBERS myset
1) "one"

Remove and return one or multiple random members from a set

#SRANDMEMBER

SRANDMEMBER key [count]

#Example

redis> SADD myset one two three
(integer) 3
redis> SRANDMEMBER myset
"three"
redis> SRANDMEMBER myset 2
1) "two"
2) "three"
redis> SRANDMEMBER myset -5
1) "one"
2) "two"
3) "three"
4) "three"
5) "one"

Get one or multiple random members from a set

#SREM

SREM key member [member ...]

#Example

redis> SADD myset "one"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD myset "two"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD myset "three"
(integer) 1
redis> SREM myset "one"
(integer) 1
redis> SREM myset "four"
(integer) 0
redis> SMEMBERS myset
1) "two"
2) "three"

Remove one or more members from a set

#SUNION

SUNION key [key ...]

#Example

redis> SADD key1 "a"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key1 "b"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key1 "c"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "c"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "d"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "e"
(integer) 1
redis> SUNION key1 key2
1) "a"
2) "c"
3) "e"
4) "b"
5) "d"

Add multiple sets

#SUNIONSTORE

SUNIONSTORE destination key [key ...]

#Example

redis> SADD key1 "a"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key1 "b"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key1 "c"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "c"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "d"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key2 "e"
(integer) 1
redis> SUNIONSTORE key key1 key2
(integer) 5
redis> SMEMBERS key
1) "a"
2) "c"
3) "e"
4) "b"
5) "d"

Add multiple sets and store the resulting set in a key

#Redis List command

#Misc

- -
BRPOPLPUSH Pop an element from a list, push it to another list and return it; or block until one is available
BLMOVE Pop an element from a list, push it to another list and return it; or block until one is available

#BLPOP

BLPOP key [key ...] timeout

#Example

redis> DEL list1 list2
(integer) 0
redis> RPUSH list1 a b c
(integer) 3
redis> BLPOP list1 list2 0
1) "list1"
2) "a"

Remove and get the first element in a list, or block until one is available |

#BRPOP

BRPOP key [key ...] timeout

#Example

redis> DEL list1 list2
(integer) 0
redis> RPUSH list1 a b c
(integer) 3
redis> BRPOP list1 list2 0
1) "list1"
2) "c"

Remove and get the last element in a list, or block until one is available |

#LINDEX

LINDEX key index

#Example

redis> LPUSH mylist "World"
(integer) 1
redis> LPUSH mylist "Hello"
(integer) 2
redis> LINDEX mylist 0
"Hello"
redis> LINDEX mylist -1
"World"
redis> LINDEX mylist 3
(nil)

Get an element from a list by its index

#LINSERT

LINSERT key BEFORE|AFTER pivot element

#Example

redis> RPUSH mylist "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> RPUSH mylist "World"
(integer) 2
redis> LINSERT mylist BEFORE "World" "There"
(integer) 3
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 -1
1) "Hello"
2) "There"
3) "World"

Insert an element before or after another element in a list

#LLEN

LLEN key

#Example

redis> LPUSH mylist "World"
(integer) 1
redis> LPUSH mylist "Hello"
(integer) 2
redis> LLEN mylist
(integer) 2

Get the length of a list

#LPOP

LPOP key [count]

#Example

redis> RPUSH mylist "one"
(integer) 1
redis> RPUSH mylist "two"
(integer) 2
redis> RPUSH mylist "three"
(integer) 3
redis> LPOP mylist
"one"
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 -1
1) "two"
2) "three"

Remove and get the first elements in a list

#LPOS

LPOS key element [RANK rank] [COUNT num-matches] [MAXLEN len]

#Example

redis> RPUSH mylist a b c d 1 2 3 4 3 3 3
(integer) 11
redis> LPOS mylist 3
(integer) 6
redis> LPOS mylist 3 COUNT 0 RANK 2
1) (integer) 8
2) (integer) 9
3) (integer) 10

Return the index of matching elements on a list

#LPUSH

LPUSH key element [element ...]

#Example

redis> LPUSH mylist "world"
(integer) 1
redis> LPUSH mylist "hello"
(integer) 2
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 -1
1) "hello"
2) "world"

Prepend one or multiple elements to a list

#LPUSHX

LPUSHX key element [element ...]

#Example

redis> LPUSH mylist "World"
(integer) 1
redis> LPUSHX mylist "Hello"
(integer) 2
redis> LPUSHX myotherlist "Hello"
(integer) 0
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 -1
1) "Hello"
2) "World"
redis> LRANGE myotherlist 0 -1
(empty list or set)

Prepend an element to a list, only if the list exists

#LRANGE

LRANGE key start stop

#Example

redis> RPUSH mylist "one"
(integer) 1
redis> RPUSH mylist "two"
(integer) 2
redis> RPUSH mylist "three"
(integer) 3
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 0
1) "one"
redis> LRANGE mylist -3 2
1) "one"
2) "two"
3) "three"
redis> LRANGE mylist -100 100
1) "one"
2) "two"
3) "three"
redis> LRANGE mylist 5 10
(empty list or set)

Get a range of elements from a list

#LREM

LREM key count element

#Example

redis> RPUSH mylist "hello"
(integer) 1
redis> RPUSH mylist "hello"
(integer) 2
redis> RPUSH mylist "foo"
(integer) 3
redis> RPUSH mylist "hello"
(integer) 4
redis> LREM mylist -2 "hello"
(integer) 2
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 -1
1) "hello"
2) "foo"

Remove elements from a list

#LSET

LSET key index element

#Example

redis> RPUSH mylist "one"
(integer) 1
redis> RPUSH mylist "two"
(integer) 2
redis> RPUSH mylist "three"
(integer) 3
redis> LSET mylist 0 "four"
"OK"
redis> LSET mylist -2 "five"
"OK"
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 -1
1) "four"
2) "five"
3) "three"

Set the value of an element in a list by its index

#LTRIM

LTRIM key start stop

#Example

redis> RPUSH mylist "one"
(integer) 1
redis> RPUSH mylist "two"
(integer) 2
redis> RPUSH mylist "three"
(integer) 3
redis> LTRIM mylist 1 -1
"OK"
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 -1
1) "two"
2) "three"

Trim a list to the specified range

#RPOP

RPOP key [count]

#Example

redis> RPUSH mylist "one"
(integer) 1
redis> RPUSH mylist "two"
(integer) 2
redis> RPUSH mylist "three"
(integer) 3
redis> RPOP mylist
"three"
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 -1
1) "one"
2) "two"

Remove and get the last elements in a list

#RPOPLPUSH

RPOPLPUSH source destination

#Example

redis> RPUSH mylist "one"
(integer) 1
redis> RPUSH mylist "two"
(integer) 2
redis> RPUSH mylist "three"
(integer) 3
redis> RPOPLPUSH mylist myotherlist
"three"
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 -1
1) "one"
2) "two"
redis> LRANGE myotherlist 0 -1
1) "three"

Remove the last element in a list, prepend it to another list and return it

#LMOVE

LMOVE source destination LEFT|RIGHT LEFT|RIGHT

#Example

redis> RPUSH mylist "one"
(integer) 1
redis> RPUSH mylist "two"
(integer) 2
redis> RPUSH mylist "three"
(integer) 3
redis> LMOVE mylist myotherlist RIGHT LEFT
"three"
redis> LMOVE mylist myotherlist LEFT RIGHT
"one"
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 -1
1) "two"
redis> LRANGE myotherlist 0 -1
1) "three"
2) "one"

Pop an element from a list, push it to another list and return it

#RPUSH

RPUSH key element [element ...]

#Example

redis> RPUSH mylist "hello"
(integer) 1
redis> RPUSH mylist "world"
(integer) 2
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 -1
1) "hello"
2) "world"

Append one or multiple elements to a list

#RPUSHX

RPUSHX key element [element ...]

#Example

redis> RPUSH mylist "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> RPUSHX mylist "World"
(integer) 2
redis> RPUSHX myotherlist "World"
(integer) 0
redis> LRANGE mylist 0 -1
1) "Hello"
2) "World"
redis> LRANGE myotherlist 0 -1
(empty list or set)

Append an element to a list, only if the list exists

#Redis Hash command

#HDEL

HDEL key field [field ...]

#Example

redis> HSET myhash field1 "foo"
(integer) 1
redis> HDEL myhash field1
(integer) 1
redis> HDEL myhash field2
(integer) 0

Delete one or more hash fields

#HEXISTS

HEXISTS key field

#Example

redis> HSET myhash field1 "foo"
(integer) 1
redis> HEXISTS myhash field1
(integer) 1
redis> HEXISTS myhash field2
(integer) 0

Determine if a hash field exists

#HGET

HGET key field

#Example

redis> HSET myhash field1 "foo"
(integer) 1
redis> HGET myhash field1
"foo"
redis> HGET myhash field2
(nil)

Get the value of a hash field

#HGETALL

HGETALL key

#Example

redis> HSET myhash field1 "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> HSET myhash field2 "World"
(integer) 1
redis> HGETALL myhash
1) "field1"
2) "Hello"
3) "field2"
4) "World"

Get all the fields and values in a hash

#HINCRBY

HINCRBY key field increment

#Example

redis> HSET myhash field 5
(integer) 1
redis> HINCRBY myhash field 1
(integer) 6
redis> HINCRBY myhash field -1
(integer) 5
redis> HINCRBY myhash field -10
(integer) -5

Increment the integer value of a hash field by the given number

#HINCRBYFLOAT

HINCRBYFLOAT key field increment

#Example

redis> HSET mykey field 10.50
(integer) 1
redis> HINCRBYFLOAT mykey field 0.1
"10.6"
redis> HINCRBYFLOAT mykey field -5
"5.6"
redis> HSET mykey field 5.0e3
(integer) 0
redis> HINCRBYFLOAT mykey field 2.0e2
"5200"

Increment the float value of a hash field by the given amount

#HKEYS

HKEYS key

#Example

redis> HSET myhash field1 "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> HSET myhash field2 "World"
(integer) 1
redis> HKEYS myhash
1) "field1"
2) "field2"

Get all the fields in a hash

#HLEN

HLEN key

#Example

redis> HSET myhash field1 "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> HSET myhash field2 "World"
(integer) 1
redis> HLEN myhash
(integer) 2

Get the number of fields in a hash

#HMGET

HMGET key field [field ...]

#Example

redis> HSET myhash field1 "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> HSET myhash field2 "World"
(integer) 1
redis> HMGET myhash field1 field2 nofield
1) "Hello"
2) "World"
3) (nil)

Get the values of all the given hash fields

#HMSET

HMSET key field value [field value ...]

#Example

redis> HMSET myhash field1 "Hello" field2 "World"
"OK"
redis> HGET myhash field1
"Hello"
redis> HGET myhash field2
"World"

Set multiple hash fields to multiple values

#HSET

HSET key field value [field value ...]

#Example

redis> HSET myhash field1 "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> HGET myhash field1
"Hello"

Set the string value of a hash field

#HSETNX

HSETNX key field value

#Example

redis> HSETNX myhash field "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> HSETNX myhash field "World"
(integer) 0
redis> HGET myhash field
"Hello"

Set the value of a hash field, only if the field does not exist

#HSTRLEN

HSTRLEN key field

#Example

redis> HMSET myhash f1 HelloWorld f2 99 f3 -256
"OK"
redis> HSTRLEN myhash f1
(integer) 10
redis> HSTRLEN myhash f2
(integer) 2
redis> HSTRLEN myhash f3
(integer) 4

Get the length of the value of a hash field

#HVALS

HVALS key

#Example

redis> HSET myhash field1 "Hello"
(integer) 1
redis> HSET myhash field2 "World"
(integer) 1
redis> HVALS myhash
1) "Hello"
2) "World"

Get all the values in a hash

#Redis Sorted set command

#BZPOPMIN

BZPOPMIN key [key ...] timeout

#Example

redis> DEL zset1 zset2
(integer) 0
redis> ZADD zset1 0 a 1 b 2 c
(integer) 3
redis> BZPOPMIN zset1 zset2 0
1) "zset1"
2) "a"
3) "0"

Remove and return the member with the lowest score from one or more sorted sets, or block until one is available

#BZPOPMAX

BZPOPMAX key [key ...] timeout

#Example

redis> DEL zset1 zset2
(integer) 0
redis> ZADD zset1 0 a 1 b 2 c
(integer) 3
redis> BZPOPMAX zset1 zset2 0
1) "zset1"
2) "c"
3) "2"

Remove and return the member with the highest score from one or more sorted sets, or block until one is available

#ZADD

ZADD key [NX|XX] [GT|LT] [CH] [INCR] score member [score member ...]

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 1 "uno"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two" 3 "three"
(integer) 2
redis> ZRANGE myzset 0 -1 WITHSCORES
1) "one"
2) "1"
3) "uno"
4) "1"
5) "two"
6) "2"
7) "three"
8) "3"

Add one or more members to a sorted set, or update its score if it already exists

#ZCARD

ZCARD key

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZCARD myzset
(integer) 2

Get the number of members in a sorted set

#ZSCORE

ZSCORE key member

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZSCORE myzset "one"
"1"

Get the score associated with the given member in a sorted set

#ZCOUNT

ZCOUNT key min max

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZCOUNT myzset -inf +inf
(integer) 3
redis> ZCOUNT myzset (1 3
(integer) 2

Count the members in a sorted set with scores within the given values

#ZDIFF

ZDIFF numkeys key [key ...] [WITHSCORES]

#Example

redis> ZADD zset1 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset1 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset1 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZDIFF 2 zset1 zset2
1) "three"
redis> ZDIFF 2 zset1 zset2 WITHSCORES
1) "three"
2) "3"

Subtract multiple sorted sets

#ZDIFFSTORE

ZDIFFSTORE destination numkeys key [key ...]

#Example

redis> ZADD zset1 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset1 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset1 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZDIFFSTORE out 2 zset1 zset2
(integer) 1
redis> ZRANGE out 0 -1 WITHSCORES
1) "three"
2) "3"

Subtract multiple sorted sets and store the resulting sorted set in a new key

#ZINCRBY

ZINCRBY key increment member

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZINCRBY myzset 2 "one"
"3"
redis> ZRANGE myzset 0 -1 WITHSCORES
1) "two"
2) "2"
3) "one"
4) "3"

Increment the score of a member in a sorted set

#ZINTER

ZINTER numkeys key [key ...] [WEIGHTS weight [weight ...]] [AGGREGATE SUM|MIN|MAX] [WITHSCORES]

#Example

redis> ZADD zset1 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset1 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZINTER 2 zset1 zset2
1) "one"
2) "two"
redis> ZINTER 2 zset1 zset2 WITHSCORES
1) "one"
2) "2"
3) "two"
4) "4"

Intersect multiple sorted sets

#ZINTERSTORE

ZINTERSTORE destination numkeys key [key ...] [WEIGHTS weight [weight ...]] [AGGREGATE SUM|MIN|MAX]

#Example

redis> ZADD zset1 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset1 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZINTERSTORE out 2 zset1 zset2 WEIGHTS 2 3
(integer) 2
redis> ZRANGE out 0 -1 WITHSCORES
1) "one"
2) "5"
3) "two"
4) "10"

Intersect multiple sorted sets and store the resulting sorted set in a new key

#ZLEXCOUNT

ZLEXCOUNT key min max

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 0 a 0 b 0 c 0 d 0 e
(integer) 5
redis> ZADD myzset 0 f 0 g
(integer) 2
redis> ZLEXCOUNT myzset - +
(integer) 7
redis> ZLEXCOUNT myzset [b [f
(integer) 5

Count the number of members in a sorted set between a given lexicographical range

#ZPOPMAX

ZPOPMAX key [count]

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZPOPMAX myzset
1) "three"
2) "3"

Remove and return members with the highest scores in a sorted set

#ZPOPMIN

ZPOPMIN key [count]

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZPOPMIN myzset
1) "one"
2) "1"

Remove and return members with the lowest scores in a sorted set

#ZRANGE

ZRANGE key start stop [WITHSCORES]

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZRANGE myzset 0 -1
1) "one"
2) "two"
3) "three"
redis> ZRANGE myzset 2 3
1) "three"
redis> ZRANGE myzset -2 -1
1) "two"
2) "three"

Return a range of members in a sorted set, by index

#ZRANGEBYLEX

ZRANGEBYLEX key min max [LIMIT offset count]

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 0 a 0 b 0 c 0 d 0 e 0 f 0 g
(integer) 7
redis> ZRANGEBYLEX myzset - [c
1) "a"
2) "b"
3) "c"
redis> ZRANGEBYLEX myzset - (c
1) "a"
2) "b"
redis> ZRANGEBYLEX myzset [aaa (g
1) "b"
2) "c"
3) "d"
4) "e"
5) "f"

Return a range of members in a sorted set, by lexicographical range

#ZREVRANGEBYLEX

ZREVRANGEBYLEX key max min [LIMIT offset count]

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 0 a 0 b 0 c 0 d 0 e 0 f 0 g
(integer) 7
redis> ZREVRANGEBYLEX myzset [c -
1) "c"
2) "b"
3) "a"
redis> ZREVRANGEBYLEX myzset (c -
1) "b"
2) "a"
redis> ZREVRANGEBYLEX myzset (g [aaa
1) "f"
2) "e"
3) "d"
4) "c"
5) "b"

Return a range of members in a sorted set, by lexicographical range, ordered from higher to lower strings.

#ZRANGEBYSCORE

ZRANGEBYSCORE key min max [WITHSCORES] [LIMIT offset count]

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZRANGEBYSCORE myzset -inf +inf
1) "one"
2) "two"
3) "three"
redis> ZRANGEBYSCORE myzset 1 2
1) "one"
2) "two"
redis> ZRANGEBYSCORE myzset (1 2
1) "two"
redis> ZRANGEBYSCORE myzset (1 (2
(empty list or set)

Return a range of members in a sorted set, by score

#ZRANK

ZRANK key member

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZRANK myzset "three"
(integer) 2
redis> ZRANK myzset "four"
(nil)

Determine the index of a member in a sorted set

#ZREM

ZREM key member [member ...]

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZREM myzset "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZRANGE myzset 0 -1 WITHSCORES
1) "one"
2) "1"
3) "three"
4) "3"

Remove one or more members from a sorted set

#ZREMRANGEBYLEX

ZREMRANGEBYLEX key min max

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 0 aaaa 0 b 0 c 0 d 0 e
(integer) 5
redis> ZADD myzset 0 foo 0 zap 0 zip 0 ALPHA 0 alpha
(integer) 5
redis> ZRANGE myzset 0 -1
1) "ALPHA"
 2) "aaaa"
 3) "alpha"
 4) "b"
 5) "c"
 6) "d"
 7) "e"
 8) "foo"
 9) "zap"
10) "zip"
redis> ZREMRANGEBYLEX myzset [alpha [omega
(integer) 6
redis> ZRANGE myzset 0 -1
1) "ALPHA"
2) "aaaa"
3) "zap"
4) "zip"

Remove all members in a sorted set between the given lexicographical range

#ZREMRANGEBYRANK

ZREMRANGEBYRANK key start stop

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZREMRANGEBYRANK myzset 0 1
(integer) 2
redis> ZRANGE myzset 0 -1 WITHSCORES
1) "three"
2) "3"

Remove all members in a sorted set within the given indexes

#ZREMRANGEBYSCORE

ZREMRANGEBYSCORE key min max

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZREMRANGEBYSCORE myzset -inf (2
(integer) 1
redis> ZRANGE myzset 0 -1 WITHSCORES
1) "two"
2) "2"
3) "three"
4) "3"

Remove all members in a sorted set within the given scores

#ZREVRANGE

ZREVRANGE key start stop [WITHSCORES]

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZREVRANGE myzset 0 -1
1) "three"
2) "two"
3) "one"
redis> ZREVRANGE myzset 2 3
1) "one"
redis> ZREVRANGE myzset -2 -1
1) "two"
2) "one"

Return a range of members in a sorted set, by index, with scores ordered from high to low

#ZREVRANGEBYSCORE

ZREVRANGEBYSCORE key max min [WITHSCORES] [LIMIT offset count]

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZREVRANGEBYSCORE myzset +inf -inf
1) "three"
2) "two"
3) "one"
redis> ZREVRANGEBYSCORE myzset 2 1
1) "two"
2) "one"
redis> ZREVRANGEBYSCORE myzset 2 (1
1) "two"
redis> ZREVRANGEBYSCORE myzset (2 (1
(empty list or set)

Return a range of members in a sorted set, by score, with scores ordered from high to low

#ZREVRANK

ZREVRANK key member

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZREVRANK myzset "one"
(integer) 2
redis> ZREVRANK myzset "four"
(nil)

Determine the index of a member in a sorted set, with scores ordered from high to low

#ZUNION

ZUNION numkeys key [key ...] [WEIGHTS weight [weight ...]] [AGGREGATE SUM|MIN|MAX] [WITHSCORES]

#Example

redis> ZADD zset1 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset1 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZUNION 2 zset1 zset2
1) "one"
2) "three"
3) "two"
redis> ZUNION 2 zset1 zset2 WITHSCORES
1) "one"
2) "2"
3) "three"
4) "3"
5) "two"
6) "4"

Add multiple sorted sets

#ZMSCORE

ZMSCORE key member [member ...]

#Example

redis> ZADD myzset 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD myzset 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZMSCORE myzset "one" "two" "nofield"
1) "1"
2) "2"
3) (nil)

Get the score associated with the given members in a sorted set

#ZUNIONSTORE

ZUNIONSTORE destination numkeys key [key ...] [WEIGHTS weight [weight ...]] [AGGREGATE SUM|MIN|MAX]

#Example

redis> ZADD zset1 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset1 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 1 "one"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 2 "two"
(integer) 1
redis> ZADD zset2 3 "three"
(integer) 1
redis> ZUNIONSTORE out 2 zset1 zset2 WEIGHTS 2 3
(integer) 3
redis> ZRANGE out 0 -1 WITHSCORES
1) "one"
2) "5"
3) "three"
4) "9"
5) "two"
6) "10"

Add multiple sorted sets and store the resulting sorted set in a new key

#Redis Geo command

#GEOADD

GEOADD key longitude latitude member [longitude latitude member ...]

#Example

redis> GEOADD Sicily 13.361389 38.115556 "Palermo" 15.087269 37.502669 "Catania"
(integer) 2
redis> GEODIST Sicily Palermo Catania
"166274.1516"
redis> GEORADIUS Sicily 15 37 100 km
1) "Catania"
redis> GEORADIUS Sicily 15 37 200 km
1) "Palermo"
2) "Catania"

Add one or more geospatial items in the geospatial index represented using a sorted set

#GEOHASH

GEOHASH key member [member ...]

#Example

redis> GEOADD Sicily 13.361389 38.115556 "Palermo" 15.087269 37.502669 "Catania"
(integer) 2
redis> GEOHASH Sicily Palermo Catania
1) "sqc8b49rny0"
2) "sqdtr74hyu0"

Returns members of a geospatial index as standard geohash strings

#GEOPOS

GEOPOS key member [member ...]

#Example

redis> GEOADD Sicily 13.361389 38.115556 "Palermo" 15.087269 37.502669 "Catania"
(integer) 2
redis> GEOPOS Sicily Palermo Catania NonExisting
1) 1) "13.36138933897018433"
   2) "38.11555639549629859"
2) 1) "15.08726745843887329"
   2) "37.50266842333162032"
3) (nil)

Returns longitude and latitude of members of a geospatial index

#GEODIST

GEODIST key member1 member2 [m|km|ft|mi]

#Example

redis> GEOADD Sicily 13.361389 38.115556 "Palermo" 15.087269 37.502669 "Catania"
(integer) 2
redis> GEODIST Sicily Palermo Catania
"166274.1516"
redis> GEODIST Sicily Palermo Catania km
"166.2742"
redis> GEODIST Sicily Palermo Catania mi
"103.3182"
redis> GEODIST Sicily Foo Bar
(nil)

Returns the distance between two members of a geospatial index

#GEORADIUS

GEORADIUS key longitude latitude radius m|km|ft|mi [WITHCOORD] [WITHDIST] [WITHHASH] [COUNT count] [ASC|DESC] [STORE key] [STOREDIST key]

#Example

redis> GEOADD Sicily 13.361389 38.115556 "Palermo" 15.087269 37.502669 "Catania"
(integer) 2
redis> GEORADIUS Sicily 15 37 200 km WITHDIST
1) 1) "Palermo"
   2) "190.4424"
2) 1) "Catania"
   2) "56.4413"
redis> GEORADIUS Sicily 15 37 200 km WITHCOORD
1) 1) "Palermo"
   2) 1) "13.36138933897018433"
      2) "38.11555639549629859"
2) 1) "Catania"
   2) 1) "15.08726745843887329"
      2) "37.50266842333162032"
redis> GEORADIUS Sicily 15 37 200 km WITHDIST WITHCOORD
1) 1) "Palermo"
   2) "190.4424"
   3) 1) "13.36138933897018433"
      2) "38.11555639549629859"
2) 1) "Catania"
   2) "56.4413"
   3) 1) "15.08726745843887329"
      2) "37.50266842333162032"

Query a sorted set representing a geospatial index to fetch members matching a given maximum distance from a point

#GEORADIUSBYMEMBER

GEORADIUSBYMEMBER key member radius m|km|ft|mi [WITHCOORD] [WITHDIST] [WITHHASH] [COUNT count] [ASC|DESC] [STORE key] [STOREDIST key]

#Example

redis> GEOADD Sicily 13.583333 37.316667 "Agrigento"
(integer) 1
redis> GEOADD Sicily 13.361389 38.115556 "Palermo" 15.087269 37.502669 "Catania"
(integer) 2
redis> GEORADIUSBYMEMBER Sicily Agrigento 100 km
1) "Agrigento"
2) "Palermo"

Query a sorted set representing a geospatial index to fetch members matching a given maximum distance from a member

#GEOSEARCH

GEOSEARCH key [FROMMEMBER member] [FROMLONLAT longitude latitude] [BYRADIUS radius m|km|ft|mi] [BYBOX width height m|km|ft|mi] [ASC|DESC] [COUNT count] [WITHCOORD] [WITHDIST] [WITHHASH]

#Example

redis> GEOADD Sicily 13.361389 38.115556 "Palermo" 15.087269 37.502669 "Catania"
(integer) 2
redis> GEOADD Sicily 12.758489 38.788135 "edge1"   17.241510 38.788135 "edge2"
(integer) 2
redis> GEOSEARCH Sicily FROMLONLAT 15 37 BYRADIUS 200 km ASC
1) "Catania"
2) "Palermo"
redis> GEOSEARCH Sicily FROMLONLAT 15 37 BYBOX 400 400 km ASC
1) "Catania"
2) "Palermo"
3) "edge2"
4) "edge1"

Query a sorted set representing a geospatial index to fetch members inside an area of a box or a circle.

#Misc

- -
GEOSEARCHSTORE Query a sorted set representing a geospatial index to fetch members inside an area of a box or a circle, and store the result in another key.

#Redis Hyperloglog command

#PFADD

PFADD key element [element ...]

#Example

redis> PFADD hll a b c d e f g
(integer) 1
redis> PFCOUNT hll
(integer) 7

Adds the specified elements to the specified HyperLogLog.

#PFCOUNT

PFCOUNT key [key ...]

#Example

redis> PFADD hll foo bar zap
(integer) 1
redis> PFADD hll zap zap zap
(integer) 0
redis> PFADD hll foo bar
(integer) 0
redis> PFCOUNT hll
(integer) 3
redis> PFADD some-other-hll 1 2 3
(integer) 1
redis> PFCOUNT hll some-other-hll
(integer) 6

Return the approximated cardinality of the set(s) observed by the HyperLogLog at key(s).

#PFMERGE

PFMERGE destkey sourcekey [sourcekey ...]

#Example

redis> PFADD hll1 foo bar zap a
(integer) 1
redis> PFADD hll2 a b c foo
(integer) 1
redis> PFMERGE hll3 hll1 hll2
"OK"
redis> PFCOUNT hll3
(integer) 6

Merge N different HyperLogLogs into a single one.

#Redis Server command

#COMMAND

COMMAND

#Example

redis> COMMAND
1) 1) "georadius_ro"
     2) (integer) -6
     3) 1) "readonly"
        2) "movablekeys"
     4) (integer) 1
     5) (integer) 1
     6) (integer) 1
     7) 1) "@read"
        2) "@geo"
        3) "@slow"
  2) 1) "zpopmin"
     2) (integer) -2
     3) 1) "write"
        2) "fast"
  ........

Get array of Redis command details

#Misc

- -
ACL LOAD Reload the ACLs from the configured ACL file
ACL SAVE Save the current ACL rules in the configured ACL file
ACL LIST List the current ACL rules in ACL config file format
ACL USERS List the username of all the configured ACL rules
ACL GETUSER Get the rules for a specific ACL user
ACL SETUSER Modify or create the rules for a specific ACL user
ACL DELUSER Remove the specified ACL users and the associated rules
ACL CAT List the ACL categories or the commands inside a category
ACL GENPASS Generate a pseudorandom secure password to use for ACL users
ACL WHOAMI Return the name of the user associated to the current connection
ACL LOG List latest events denied because of ACLs in place
ACL HELP Show helpful text about the different subcommands
BGREWRITEAOF Asynchronously rewrite the append-only file
BGSAVE Asynchronously save the dataset to disk
CONFIG GET Get the value of a configuration parameter
CONFIG REWRITE Rewrite the configuration file with the in memory configuration
CONFIG SET Set a configuration parameter to the given value
CONFIG RESETSTAT Reset the stats returned by INFO
DBSIZE Return the number of keys in the selected database
DEBUG OBJECT Get debugging information about a key
DEBUG SEGFAULT Make the server crash
FLUSHALL Remove all keys from all databases
FLUSHDB Remove all keys from the current database
LOLWUT Display some computer art and the Redis version
LASTSAVE Get the UNIX time stamp of the last successful save to disk
MEMORY DOCTOR Outputs memory problems report
MEMORY HELP Show helpful text about the different subcommands
MEMORY MALLOC-STATS Show allocator internal stats
MEMORY PURGE Ask the allocator to release memory
MEMORY STATS Show memory usage details
MEMORY USAGE Estimate the memory usage of a key
MODULE LIST List all modules loaded by the server
MODULE LOAD Load a module
MODULE UNLOAD Unload a module
MONITOR Listen for all requests received by the server in real time
SAVE Synchronously save the dataset to disk
SHUTDOWN Synchronously save the dataset to disk and then shut down the server
SLAVEOF Make the server a replica of another instance, or promote it as master. Deprecated starting with Redis 5. Use REPLICAOF instead.
REPLICAOF Make the server a replica of another instance, or promote it as master.
SLOWLOG Manages the Redis slow queries log
SWAPDB Swaps two Redis databases
SYNC Internal command used for replication
PSYNC Internal command used for replication
LATENCY DOCTOR Return a human readable latency analysis report.
LATENCY GRAPH Return a latency graph for the event.
LATENCY HISTORY Return timestamp-latency samples for the event.
LATENCY LATEST Return the latest latency samples for all events.
LATENCY RESET Reset latency data for one or more events.
LATENCY HELP Show helpful text about the different subcommands.

#COMMAND COUNT

COMMAND COUNT

#Example

redis> COMMAND COUNT
(integer) 217

Get total number of Redis commands

#COMMAND GETKEYS

COMMAND GETKEYS

#Example

redis> COMMAND GETKEYS MSET a b c d e f
1) "a"
2) "c"
3) "e"
redis> COMMAND GETKEYS EVAL "not consulted" 3 key1 key2 key3 arg1 arg2 arg3 argN
1) "key1"
2) "key2"
3) "key3"
redis> COMMAND GETKEYS SORT mylist ALPHA STORE outlist
1) "mylist"
2) "outlist"

Extract keys given a full Redis command

#COMMAND INFO

COMMAND INFO command-name [command-name ...]

#Example

redis> COMMAND INFO get set eval
1) 1) "get"
   2) (integer) 2
   3) 1) "readonly"
      2) "fast"
   4) (integer) 1
   5) (integer) 1
   6) (integer) 1
   7) 1) "@read"
      2) "@string"
      3) "@fast"
2) 1) "set"
   2) (integer) -3
   3) 1) "write"
      2) "denyoom"
   4) (integer) 1
   5) (integer) 1
   6) (integer) 1
   7) 1) "@write"
      2) "@string"
      3) "@slow"
3) 1) "eval"
   2) (integer) -3
   3) 1) "noscript"
      2) "movablekeys"
   4) (integer) 0
   5) (integer) 0
   6) (integer) 0
   7) 1) "@slow"
      2) "@scripting"

Get array of specific Redis command details

#INFO

INFO [section]

#Example

redis> INFO
# Server
redis_version:6.1.240
redis_git_sha1:00000000
redis_git_dirty:0
redis_build_id:a26db646ea64a07c
redis_mode:standalone
os:Linux 5.4.0-1017-aws x86_64
......

Get information and statistics about the server

#ROLE

ROLE

#Example

redis> ROLE
1) "master"
2) (integer) 0
3) (empty list or set)

Return the role of the instance in the context of replication

#TIME

TIME

#Example

redis> TIME
1) "1609040690"
2) "558952"
redis> TIME
1) "1609040690"
2) "559206"

Return the current server time

#Redis Generic command

#Misc

- -
COPY Copy a key
MIGRATE Atomically transfer a key from a Redis instance to another one.
MOVE Move a key to another database
OBJECT Inspect the internals of Redis objects
RESTORE Create a key using the provided serialized value, previously obtained using DUMP.
SORT Sort the elements in a list, set or sorted set
WAIT Wait for the synchronous replication of all the write commands sent in the context of the current connection
SCAN Incrementally iterate the keys space

#DEL

DEL key [key ...]

#Example

redis> SET key1 "Hello"
"OK"
redis> SET key2 "World"
"OK"
redis> DEL key1 key2 key3
(integer) 2

Delete a key

#DUMP

DUMP key

#Example

redis> SET mykey 10
"OK"
redis> DUMP mykey
"\u0000\xC0\n\t\u0000\xBEm\u0006\x89Z(\u0000\n"

Return a serialized version of the value stored at the specified key.

#EXISTS

EXISTS key [key ...]

#Example

redis> SET key1 "Hello"
"OK"
redis> EXISTS key1
(integer) 1
redis> EXISTS nosuchkey
(integer) 0
redis> SET key2 "World"
"OK"
redis> EXISTS key1 key2 nosuchkey
(integer) 2

Determine if a key exists

#EXPIRE

EXPIRE key seconds

#Example

redis> SET mykey "Hello"
"OK"
redis> EXPIRE mykey 10
(integer) 1
redis> TTL mykey
(integer) 10
redis> SET mykey "Hello World"
"OK"
redis> TTL mykey
(integer) -1

Set a key's time to live in seconds

#EXPIREAT

EXPIREAT key timestamp

#Example

redis> SET mykey "Hello"
"OK"
redis> EXISTS mykey
(integer) 1
redis> EXPIREAT mykey 1293840000
(integer) 1
redis> EXISTS mykey
(integer) 0

Set the expiration for a key as a UNIX timestamp

#KEYS

KEYS pattern

#Example

redis> MSET firstname Jack lastname Stuntman age 35
"OK"
redis> KEYS *name*
1) "firstname"
2) "lastname"
redis> KEYS a??
1) "age"
redis> KEYS *
1) "firstname"
2) "age"
3) "lastname"

Find all keys matching the given pattern

#PERSIST

PERSIST key

#Example

redis> SET mykey "Hello"
"OK"
redis> EXPIRE mykey 10
(integer) 1
redis> TTL mykey
(integer) 10
redis> PERSIST mykey
(integer) 1
redis> TTL mykey
(integer) -1

Remove the expiration from a key

#PEXPIRE

PEXPIRE key milliseconds

#Example

redis> SET mykey "Hello"
"OK"
redis> PEXPIRE mykey 1500
(integer) 1
redis> TTL mykey
(integer) 1
redis> PTTL mykey
(integer) 1499

Set a key's time to live in milliseconds

#PEXPIREAT

PEXPIREAT key milliseconds-timestamp

#Example

redis> SET mykey "Hello"
"OK"
redis> PEXPIREAT mykey 1555555555005
(integer) 1
redis> TTL mykey
(integer) -2
redis> PTTL mykey
(integer) -2

Set the expiration for a key as a UNIX timestamp specified in milliseconds

#PTTL

PTTL key

#Example

redis> SET mykey "Hello"
"OK"
redis> EXPIRE mykey 1
(integer) 1
redis> PTTL mykey
(integer) 1000

Get the time to live for a key in milliseconds

#RENAME

RENAME key newkey

#Example

redis> SET mykey "Hello"
"OK"
redis> RENAME mykey myotherkey
"OK"
redis> GET myotherkey
"Hello"

Rename a key

#RENAMENX

RENAMENX key newkey

#Example

redis> SET mykey "Hello"
"OK"
redis> SET myotherkey "World"
"OK"
redis> RENAMENX mykey myotherkey
(integer) 0
redis> GET myotherkey
"World"

Rename a key, only if the new key does not exist

#TOUCH

TOUCH key [key ...]

#Example

redis> SET key1 "Hello"
"OK"
redis> SET key2 "World"
"OK"
redis> TOUCH key1 key2
(integer) 2

Alters the last access time of a key(s). Returns the number of existing keys specified.

#TTL

TTL key

#Example

redis> SET mykey "Hello"
"OK"
redis> EXPIRE mykey 10
(integer) 1
redis> TTL mykey
(integer) 10

Get the time to live for a key

#TYPE

TYPE key

#Example

redis> SET key1 "value"
"OK"
redis> LPUSH key2 "value"
(integer) 1
redis> SADD key3 "value"
(integer) 1
redis> TYPE key1
"string"
redis> TYPE key2
"list"
redis> TYPE key3
"set"

Determine the type stored at key

UNLINK key [key ...]

#Example

redis> SET key1 "Hello"
"OK"
redis> SET key2 "World"
"OK"
redis> UNLINK key1 key2 key3
(integer) 2

Delete a key asynchronously in another thread. Otherwise it is just as DEL, but non blocking.

#Redis Connection command

#Misc

- -
AUTH Authenticate to the server
CLIENT CACHING Instruct the server about tracking or not keys in the next request
CLIENT KILL Kill the connection of a client
CLIENT LIST Get the list of client connections
CLIENT GETNAME Get the current connection name
CLIENT GETREDIR Get tracking notifications redirection client ID if any
CLIENT PAUSE Stop processing commands from clients for some time
CLIENT REPLY Instruct the server whether to reply to commands
CLIENT SETNAME Set the current connection name
CLIENT TRACKING Enable or disable server assisted client side caching support
CLIENT UNBLOCK Unblock a client blocked in a blocking command from a different connection
HELLO switch Redis protocol
QUIT Close the connection
RESET Reset the connection
SELECT Change the selected database for the current connection

#CLIENT ID

CLIENT ID

#Example

redis> CLIENT ID
ERR Unknown or disabled command 'CLIENT'

Returns the client ID for the current connection

#CLIENT INFO

CLIENT INFO

#Example

redis> CLIENT INFO
"id=55542 addr=127.0.0.1:58710 laddr=127.0.0.1:6379 fd=8 name= age=114920 idle=0 flags=N db=0 sub=0 psub=0 multi=-1 qbuf=26 qbuf-free=40928 argv-mem=10 obl=0 oll=0 omem=0 tot-mem=61466 events=r cmd=client user=default redir=-1\n"

Returns information about the current client connection.

#ECHO

ECHO message

#Example

redis> ECHO "Hello World!"
"Hello World!"

Echo the given string

#PING

PING [message]

#Example

redis> PING
"PONG"
redis> PING "hello world"
"hello world"

Ping the server

#Redis Stream command

#Misc

- -
XINFO Get information on streams and consumer groups
XDEL Removes the specified entries from the stream. Returns the number of items actually deleted, that may be different from the number of IDs passed in case certain IDs do not exist.
XREAD Return never seen elements in multiple streams, with IDs greater than the ones reported by the caller for each stream. Can block.
XGROUP Create, destroy, and manage consumer groups.
XREADGROUP Return new entries from a stream using a consumer group, or access the history of the pending entries for a given consumer. Can block.
XCLAIM Changes (or acquires) ownership of a message in a consumer group, as if the message was delivered to the specified consumer.
XPENDING Return information and entries from a stream consumer group pending entries list, that are messages fetched but never acknowledged.

#XADD

XADD key [MAXLEN [=|~] length] [NOMKSTREAM] *|ID field value [field value ...]

#Example

redis> XADD mystream * name Sara surname OConnor
"1609040574632-0"
redis> XADD mystream * field1 value1 field2 value2 field3 value3
"1609040574632-1"
redis> XLEN mystream
(integer) 2
redis> XRANGE mystream - +
1) 1) "1609040574632-0"
   2) 1) "name"
      2) "Sara"
      3) "surname"
      4) "OConnor"
2) 1) "1609040574632-1"
   2) 1) "field1"
      2) "value1"
      3) "field2"
      4) "value2"
      5) "field3"
      6) "value3"

Appends a new entry to a stream

#XTRIM

XTRIM key MAXLEN [=|~] length

#Example

redis> XADD mystream * field1 A field2 B field3 C field4 D
"1609040575750-0"
redis> XTRIM mystream MAXLEN 2
(integer) 0
redis> XRANGE mystream - +
1) 1) "1609040575750-0"
   2) 1) "field1"
      2) "A"
      3) "field2"
      4) "B"
      5) "field3"
      6) "C"
      7) "field4"
      8) "D"

Trims the stream to (approximately if '~' is passed) a certain size

#XRANGE

XRANGE key start end [COUNT count]

#Example

redis> XADD writers * name Virginia surname Woolf
"1609040578002-0"
redis> XADD writers * name Jane surname Austen
"1609040578002-1"
redis> XADD writers * name Toni surname Morrison
"1609040578003-0"
redis> XADD writers * name Agatha surname Christie
"1609040578003-1"
redis> XADD writers * name Ngozi surname Adichie
"1609040578003-2"
redis> XLEN writers
(integer) 5
redis> XRANGE writers - + COUNT 2
1) 1) "1609040578002-0"
   2) 1) "name"
      2) "Virginia"
      3) "surname"
      4) "Woolf"
2) 1) "1609040578002-1"
   2) 1) "name"
      2) "Jane"
      3) "surname"
      4) "Austen"

Return a range of elements in a stream, with IDs matching the specified IDs interval

#XREVRANGE

XREVRANGE key end start [COUNT count]

#Example

redis> XADD writers * name Virginia surname Woolf
"1609040579130-0"
redis> XADD writers * name Jane surname Austen
"1609040579130-1"
redis> XADD writers * name Toni surname Morrison
"1609040579130-2"
redis> XADD writers * name Agatha surname Christie
"1609040579131-0"
redis> XADD writers * name Ngozi surname Adichie
"1609040579131-1"
redis> XLEN writers
(integer) 5
redis> XREVRANGE writers + - COUNT 1
1) 1) "1609040579131-1"
   2) 1) "name"
      2) "Ngozi"
      3) "surname"
      4) "Adichie"

Return a range of elements in a stream, with IDs matching the specified IDs interval, in reverse order (from greater to smaller IDs) compared to XRANGE

#XLEN

XLEN key

#Example

redis> XADD mystream * item 1
"1609040580250-0"
redis> XADD mystream * item 2
"1609040580250-1"
redis> XADD mystream * item 3
"1609040580251-0"
redis> XLEN mystream
(integer) 3

Return the number of entries in a stream

#XACK

XACK key group ID [ID ...]

#Example

redis> XACK mystream mygroup 1526569495631-0
ERR Unknown or disabled command 'XACK'

Marks a pending message as correctly processed, effectively removing it from the pending entries list of the consumer group. Return value of the command is the number of messages successfully acknowledged, that is, the IDs we were actually able to resolve in the PEL.

#Miscellaneous

#Cluster

- -
CLUSTER ADDSLOTS Assign new hash slots to receiving node
CLUSTER BUMPEPOCH Advance the cluster config epoch
CLUSTER COUNT-FAILURE-REPORTS Return the number of failure reports active for a given node
CLUSTER COUNTKEYSINSLOT Return the number of local keys in the specified hash slot
CLUSTER DELSLOTS Set hash slots as unbound in receiving node
CLUSTER FAILOVER Forces a replica to perform a manual failover of its master.
CLUSTER FLUSHSLOTS Delete a node's own slots information
CLUSTER FORGET Remove a node from the nodes table
CLUSTER GETKEYSINSLOT Return local key names in the specified hash slot
CLUSTER INFO Provides info about Redis Cluster node state
CLUSTER KEYSLOT Returns the hash slot of the specified key
CLUSTER MEET Force a node cluster to handshake with another node
CLUSTER MYID Return the node id
CLUSTER NODES Get Cluster config for the node
CLUSTER REPLICATE Reconfigure a node as a replica of the specified master node
CLUSTER RESET Reset a Redis Cluster node
CLUSTER SAVECONFIG Forces the node to save cluster state on disk
CLUSTER SET-CONFIG-EPOCH Set the configuration epoch in a new node
CLUSTER SETSLOT Bind a hash slot to a specific node
CLUSTER SLAVES List replica nodes of the specified master node
CLUSTER REPLICAS List replica nodes of the specified master node
CLUSTER SLOTS Get array of Cluster slot to node mappings
READONLY Enables read queries for a connection to a cluster replica node
READWRITE Disables read queries for a connection to a cluster replica node

#Transactions

- -
DISCARD Discard all commands issued after MULTI
EXEC Execute all commands issued after MULTI
MULTI Mark the start of a transaction block
UNWATCH Forget about all watched keys
WATCH Watch the given keys to determine execution of the MULTI/EXEC block

#Scripting

- -
EVAL Execute a Lua script server side
EVALSHA Execute a Lua script server side
SCRIPT DEBUG Set the debug mode for executed scripts.
SCRIPT EXISTS Check existence of scripts in the script cache.
SCRIPT FLUSH Remove all the scripts from the script cache.
SCRIPT KILL Kill the script currently in execution.
SCRIPT LOAD Load the specified Lua script into the script cache.

#Pubsub

- -
PSUBSCRIBE Listen for messages published to channels matching the given patterns
PUBSUB Inspect the state of the Pub/Sub subsystem
PUBLISH Post a message to a channel
PUNSUBSCRIBE Stop listening for messages posted to channels matching the given patterns
SUBSCRIBE Listen for messages published to the given channels
UNSUBSCRIBE Stop listening for messages posted to the given channels